Article 5414

Title of the article

                               AGRICULTURE OF KRASNODAR REGION IN 1941–1945 (ON THE ISSUE                                     OF HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE PROBLEM)


Lohova Tatiana Vladimirovna, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of philosophy, history and law, deputy director for research, Novorossiysk branch of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation (56 Vidova street, Novorossiysk, Russia),

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Background. The problems of studding the Great Patriotic War are debatable and presented in a great number of historic researches of different level for about 70 years. Studding of the social history problem at a local scale provokes interest for setting the peculiarity of regional developing in extreme conditions during war time. The aim of this work is to analyze the degree of exploration of the agrarian sector of economy, the situation of rural population during the Great Patriotic War based on the materials of Krasnodar region and Adygei autonomous region in 1941–1945.
Materials and methods. Realization of the research objectives was achieved on basis of a comprehensive analysis of scientific, publicistic, memoir, statistics and other researches. The methodology of this work is based on the modern conception of gnoseological possibilities of application of principles and methods of historic research. The essential meaning followed the principle of science and its realization became possible by the means of attracting a vast multi-aspect source base and implementing a specially organized research process. The hardest thing for the author was to follow the principle of objectiveness considering the fact that along with available historic sources (both published and unpublished) it’s impossible to perform a comprehensive analysis of all sources as not all archival files are available for the author due to confidentiality thereof.
Results. The author attemps to summarize scientific researches of the condition and problems of war time economy of the USSR during the Great Patriotic War by the materials of examination of the agrarian sector and rural population condition in Krasnodar region and Adygei. The researches analyzed by the author are allocated into separate groups by the problem-chronological principle.
Conclusions. The history of the Great Patriotic War and Victory in common historical memory remains one of the cornerstones of the national identity, a symbol of unity of people of various ethnic origin, social and age groups. Realization of the present circumstance causes a necessity to address the historical experience of that tragic and heroic period.

Key words

the Great Patriotic War, Krasnodar territory, economic potential, agriculture, agrarian economical sector, kolkhoz (collective farm).

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